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How to Migrate User Profiles in Windows 11 Using USMT

User State Migration Tool (USMT) is an essential utility provided by Microsoft to facilitate the migration of user-profiles and data from one Windows computer to another. With the advent of Windows 11, organizations often need to transition from older versions, ensuring no data loss in the process. This tool is critical for such migrations.

Understanding the Core Components

  • ScanState: Captures user-profiles and platform settings.
  • LoadState: Applies the captured data to the new Windows setup.
  • USMTUtils: A utility for encryption and other advanced tasks.

Why Use USMT?

Consistency is vital in a corporate environment. By using USMT, administrators can ensure that user settings, personal files, and organizational configurations remain consistent across device migrations. This results in reduced setup time and ensures a seamless transition for the user.

Migration Steps Using USMT

Prepare the Source Computer

  1. Ensure the source computer runs a compatible version of Windows.
  2. Install the USMT toolset, typically found in the Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit (ADK).

Capture User Profiles with ScanState

  1. Open a command prompt with administrative privileges.
  2. Navigate to the USMT directory using the 'cd' command.
  3. Execute the following:

    ScanState \\server\share\migration\store /i:migapp.xml /i:miguser.xml /o /c

Prepare the Destination Computer

  1. Set up the destination computer with Windows 11.
  2. Install the USMT toolset as done on the source computer.

Restore User Profiles with LoadState

  1. Open a command prompt with administrative privileges on the destination computer.
  2. Navigate to the USMT directory.
  3. Execute the following:

    LoadState \\server\share\migration\store /i:migapp.xml /i:miguser.xml /lac


Migration can often be a tedious task fraught with potential data loss. Tools like USMT in Windows 11 are designed to make such transitions smooth and hassle-free. By leveraging USMT, businesses can ensure the consistency of user experiences and reduce downtime.